Just as the President is the head of the republic, the Governor is the head of the State. The Governor is nominally the head of a state. However, the Chief Minister serves as the executive head. All executive actions taken by the State are done in the Governor’s name. He merely consents to various executive actions. They do not have the power to make any major decisions. The Council of Ministers and the Chief Minister have true power in the executive actions of a state.
How is governor elected?
The Auditor-General and Comptroller of India report on the accounts of a State shall reach the Governor of the State. He shall then cause them to be presented to the legislature.
Power and authority of governor
The Governor must approve all bills that are passed by the Legislative Assembly to become law. The Governor can send the bill back to the Vidhan Saha for review if it is not a money-related bill. The Governor must sign the bill if the Vidhan Saha has sent it back to him the second time.
Term of office and retirement age
The Governor is authorized to promulgate ordinances when the Legislative Assembly does not meet. An ordinance must also be implemented immediately. The law is effective for six weeks after it is approved by the legislature.
The term of the Governor’s position is usually five years. However, it can be ended sooner by the Dismissal of the President (usually on advice from the prime minister of the country), at which pleasure the Governor holds office.
Salary of governor
Currently, the President receives Rs 1.50 Lakh per month, Vice-President Rs 1.25 Lakh, and Governors of states Rs 1.10 Lakh in salary. The President of India nominates the Governor for a five-year term, and they remain in office at the President’s discretion.
Facilities availed by governor
The Governor is a part of the State Legislature and has the same rights as the President with respect to Parliament. Although these powers are formal, the Governor must still be guided by the Chief Minister or his Council of Ministers before making such decisions. The Governor will present the State Legislature with the annual financial statements and make requests for grants.
Roles and responsibilities of governor
Like the central in India, the State has a little bit of a governance structure. The Governor is the head and vested with the executive power of the State. A governor can be any citizen of India for over 35 years.
The President may make any provision that he considers appropriate to enable the Governor of a State to perform his functions in any situation not provided for by Part VI Chapter 2 of the Constitution of India.
List of All Current Governors of India :-
|Andhra Pradesh||Shri Biswa Bhusan Harichandan||24 July 2019 (2 years, 46 days)|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Brig. (Dr.) B. D. Mishra (Retd.)||3 October 2017 (3 years, 340 days)|
|Assam||Prof. Jagdish Mukhi||10 October 2017 (3 years, 333 days)|
|Bihar||Shri Phagu Chauhan||29 July 2019 (2 years, 41 days)|
|Chhattisgarh||Sushri Anusuiya Uikey||29 July 2019 (2 years, 41 days)|
|Goa||Shri P.S. Sreedharan Pillai||15 July 2021 (55 days)|
|Gujarat||Shri Acharya Dev Vrat||22 July 2019 (2 years, 48 days)|
|Haryana||Shri Bandaru Dattatraya||15 July 2021 (55 days)|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shri Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar||13 July 2021 (57 days)|
|Jharkhand||Shri Ramesh Bais||14 July 2021 (56 days)|
|Karnataka||Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot||11 July 2021 (59 days)|
|Kerala||Shri Arif Mohammed Khan||6 September 2019 (2 years, 2 days)|
|Madhya Pradesh||Shri Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel||8 July 2021 (62 days)|
|Maharashtra||Shri Bhagat Singh Koshyari||5 September 2019 (2 years, 3 days)|
|Manipur||Shri La. Ganesan||27 August 2021 (12 days)|
|Meghalaya||Shri Satya Pal Malik||19 August 2020 (1 year, 20 days)|
|Mizoram||Dr. Kambhampati Haribabu||19 July 2021 (51 days)|
|Nagaland||Shri R. N. Ravi||1 August 2019 (2 years, 38 days)|
|Odisha||Prof. Ganeshi Lal||29 May 2018 (3 years, 102 days)|
|Punjab||Shri Banwarilal Purohit||31 August 2021 (8 days)|
|Rajasthan||Shri Kalraj Mishra||9 September 2019 (1 year, 364 days)|
|Sikkim||Shri Ganga Prasad||26 August 2018 (3 years, 13 days)|
|Tamil Nadu||Shri Banwarilal Purohit||6 October 2017 (3 years, 337 days)|
|Telangana||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan||8 September 2019 (2 years, 0 days)|
|Tripura||Shri Satyadeo Narain Arya||14 July 2021 (56 days)|
|Uttar Pradesh||Smt. Anandiben Patel||29 July 2019 (2 years, 41 days)|
|Uttarakhand||Smt. Baby Rani Maurya||26 August 2018 (3 years, 13 days)|
|West Bengal||Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar||30 July 2019 (2 years, 40 days)|
Governor is one of the most powerful persons of the state; he has the same powers for the state as the President has at the Union level. Union territories administered by the lieutenant governor including Delhi, the national capital of India. The governor has to approve all the decisions of the state with the Chief Minister, without his concern he can’t do anything. The governor should be of 35 years of age and should not be included in the house of parliament as a member. It is a kind of tradition that government should not be the resident of the same state.
He is serving Andhra Pradesh as a governor for the last 23rd year, and he is also the current governor. When BJP was found in 1980, he is appointed as the president of the state and serving till 1988.
He is governing Arunachal Pradesh. The most interesting thing about him is that he is a former brigadier of the Indian Army. He got retirement from Army on 31st July 1995, after that he entered politics.
He is the current governor of Assam and a member of BJP and RSS. he served as Lieutenant governor in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, high education minister in Delhi government, finance minister, excise, and taxation.
Phagu Chauhan is the current governor of Bihar and represents Ghosi in the UP legislative assembly. He won this seat six tie continuously representing various parties like Lok Dal, BJP, BSP, etc.
She is serving the country as the governor of Chhattisgarh. In 1985 she was elected from damua for MP legislative assembly. In Arun Singh’s cabinet, she was serving the country as a woman and child development minister.
He is the current 19th governor of Goa; he is an author, attorney, and Indian politician. He also served Mizoram as a governor. The interesting thing is that he was BJP president of Kerala several times before.
He is one of the most brilliant educationalists and naturopathic. He is serving the country as the governor of Gujarat since 2019. He worked as a principal in Kurukshetra gurukul in Haryana.
He is the current governor of Haryana from 2021. He is a BJP member and also a Lok Sabha member from 2014 to 2019. He was imprisoned during the emergency and worked as an RSS member.
He is the 21st current governor of Himachal Pradesh. He also served as a cabinet minister in the goa government. He is also working as a BJP leader in the party.
He serves the country as the current and 10th governor of Jharkhand. He was the 18th governor in Tripura. He had served as the environment and first minister in Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s government.
Thawar Chand Gehlot
He is the 19th and the current governor of Karnataka. He is the first person appointed as Karnataka governor from MP.
Arif Mohammad Khan
He is currently serving the country as the Kerala governor. He started his political career by becoming the president of Aligarh Muslim University.
Mangubhai C. Patel
He is the 19th and current governor of MP, and leader of Gujarat BJP. In 2014 he was the Gujarat Legislative Assembly speaker.
Bhagat Singh Koshyari
He is the current and 22nd governor of Maharashtra since 2019. He served as the national vice president of BJP.
He is one of the senior leaders of the BJP, current and 17th governor of Manipur. Now he is also the present national council member of the party.
Satya Pal Malik
He is serving the country as the current, and the 21st governor is Meghalaya, the 18th governor of Goa. He also served Goa as governor from Aug 2018 to Oct 2019.
Kambhampati Hari Babu
He is the current governor of Mizoram, was a member of parliament to 16th Lok sabha. In 2014, he won the Indian general election and became a BJP candidate.
He is an Indian bureaucrat and currently serving the country as the governor of Nagaland. He was an IPS in the 1976 batch and retired in 2014.
He is the governor of Odisha and an Indian politician. He also served as the president of BJP, Haryana from 2003 to 2006.
V.P. Singh Badnore
He is the current and 28th governor of Punjab. He was elected as a Rajya Sabha member on 12th June 2010. He is a BJP member from 1999 to 2009.
He is serving as the governor of Himachal Pradesh, cabinet minister of the medium, small and micro enterprises in the government of Narendra nodi.
Ganga Prasad is the current governor of Sikkim, former governor of Meghalaya, and Indian politician. He is the follower of Arya samaj and the head of the Bihar Arya samaj.
He is the 14th and current governor of Tamil Nadu. previously he was serving as the governor of Assam and was appointed by the president on 17th Aug 2016.
He is serving the country as the current and 2nd governor of Telangana, current and 25th lieutenant governor of Puducherry.
Satyadev Narayan Arya
He is the 19th and the current governor of Tripura. He is a BJP leader, former minister of mines and geology in Bihar.
She is the current governor of UP, also served as governor of MP previously. The interesting thing is that she is the first female CM of the state, Gujarat.
Baby Rani Maurya
She is the seventh current governor of Uttarakhand from 2018. She started her political career as a BJP worker in 1990.
He is a former leader of BJP, governor of West Bengal, advocate at the supreme court of India. He was also a member of Lok sabha from 1989 till 1991. The interesting thing is that he was a former member of MLA from Kishangarh, president of Rajasthan high count bar association.