Elections provide a fundamental contribution to democratic governance. Because direct democracy – a form of government in which political decisions are taken by all qualified citizens – is impractical in most modern societies, democratic government must be led through representatives. The elections allow voters to select leaders and hold them accountable for their performance in office. The responsibility can be compromised when elected leaders do not care whether they are re-elected or when, for historical or other reasons, a party or coalition is so dominant that there is no choice for voters among the alternative candidates, parties, or political. Nevertheless, the ability to control the leaders, asking them to submit to regular and periodic elections, contribute to solving the problem in leadership succession and thus contribute to the pursuit of democracy. In addition, when the electoral process is competitive and forces candidates or parties to expose their records and future intentions to popular monitoring, elections serve as forums for the discussion of public issues and facilitate the expression of public opinion. The elections provide political education to citizens and ensure the responsiveness of democratic governments to the will of the people. They also serve to legitimize the actions of those who manifest a power; a function performed to some extent even by non-competitive elections.
Finally, elections serve the purpose of self-confirming the value and dignity of individual citizens as human beings. Whatever the other needs of voters participating in an election serve to strengthen their self-esteem and self-respect. Voting gives people, the opportunity to have their say and express partisanship to satisfy their need to feel a sense of belonging. Even non-voting satisfies the need for some people to express their alienation from the political community. For these reasons specifically, the long battle for the right to vote and the similar application in turnout can be considered as the manifestation of a deep human depth to fulfilment.
Election: what is their importance?
Whether authoritarian or democratic, elections have a ritualistic appearance. Elections and campaigns that preceded them are dramatic events that accompanied rallies, banners, posters, buttons, titles, and television blankets, attracting all attention to the importance of participation in the event.
Types of elections
The elections of charges
Most elections do not directly establish public policy but rather on a small group of officials the power to make politics (by-laws and other devices) on behalf of the electorate as a whole.
Political parties are at the heart of the election of charges. The selection and appointment of candidates, a first essential step of the electoral process, is generally in the hands of political parties; One election serves only as the final process in recruitment to political positions. The party system can therefore be considered an extension of the electoral process. Political parties constitute the reserve of talents whose candidates are attracted. They simplify and direct the electoral choice and mobilize the electorate at the stage of registration and the election.
The predominance of political parties in the electoral process was not without arousing. For example, some municipalities in the United States and Canada regularly organize non-partisan elections (where political affiliation is not officially indicated on ballots) to limit the influence of political parties. Nonpartisanship in the United States has begun as a reform movement at the beginning of the 20th century. It has been designed in part to isolate the local policy of state and national level policy.
Like most populist innovations, the practice of charge holders is a reminder of attempting to minimize the influence of political parties on representatives. Widely adopted in the United States, the reminder is designed to ensure that an elected official will act in his riding rather than in the interest of his political party or according to his conscience. The actual reminder instrument is usually a letter of resignation signed by the elected representative before entering office. During the term of office, the letter may be evoked by the quorum of voters if the representative’s performance does not meet their expectations.
Choice of management: The elections offer a way for the citizens of India to choose their leaders. They do it by their vote in favor of the candidate or party whose views appeal to them. This ensures that the will of the people is reflected in elected candidates.
Change of direction: The elections in India are also a platform for the public to express their resentment against a ruling party. By voting for other parties and contributing to the election of a different government, citizens demonstrate that they have the ultimate authority.
Political participation: Elections open the door to new issues to raise in public. If a citizen of India wants to introduce reforms that are not on the agenda of one of the parties, he is free to contest elections independently or by forming a new political party.
Auto-Correction System: Elections are a regular exercise, occurring every five years in India; power parties are kept in check and consider public demands. It works as a self-corrective system in which political parties review their performance and try to appease voters.