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Municipal Corporations in India

A municipal corporation act as a local government for the urban area that has a citizen of more than one million. As we all know, the urban population is increasing every day; they need a local government body that provides services like housing, educational institutions, transport, health, etc. To provide these kinds of services, the municipal corporations collect different taxes like property tax, water supply charges, rents from municipal-owned houses, plazas, houses, rent from commercial vehicles, grants of state government, and many more. The municipal corporations are formed by the practices of many great people and with 74 amendment laws. If you are facing any kind of issue regarding the services provided by the Municipal Corporation, you can send them a complaint letter. They will take action regarding your request and try to solve your problem by using government powers. 

These are few major municipal corporations of metropolitan cities:

Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Mainly it is known as Bombay Municipal Corporation and manages the civic portion of Mumbai. The mayor of Bombay Municipal Corporation is Kishori Pednekar, and deputy mayor is Suhas Wadkar.

Municipal Corporation of Delhi, Delhi, National Capital Territory of Delhi
It is the only municipal corporation in Indian which manages 8 districts out of 11. It was replaced by North Delhi Municipal Corporation, South Delhi Municipal Corporation, and East Delhi Municipal Corporation. MCD serves about 11 million people in Delhi and covers all areas like unregulated slum areas, resettlement colonies, and many more.

Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, Hyderabad, Telangana
It manages Hyderabad, which is the largest city in Telangana. It serves around 7.9 million people in their area as it has a huge population. It started working for Hyderabad in 1869, and after that, services improved and upgraded a lot. The Greater Hyderabad municipal corporation is formed in April 2007 and is a combination of 8-gram panchayat and 12 municipalities.

Calcutta Municipal Corporation, Calcutta, West Bengal
It is working as a local government in Kolata which is the state of West Bengal. It was established in 1876 and ministered by Self government of Surendranath Banerjee in Bengal. If we talk about the 2021 budget, then Rs 4,298 is the total budget for West Bengal, from which Rs 320 will spend on transportation and roads.

Greater Chennai Corporation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Its other name is the Corporation of Madras, and it manages Chennai. In 2011, members of the corporation decided to expand and merge 8 town panchayat, 25 village panchayat, and 9 municipalities. The corporation commissioner of Chennai corporation is Gagandeep Singh Bedi, and the commissioner of police is Shankar Jiwal.

Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike, Bengaluru, Karnataka
We all know Bangalore is the most popular and civilized city of Karnataka, it is managed by Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike. It served around 8.4 million people and became the fourth largest municipal corporation in India. They take care of the necessities of the people like health, licensing trade, hygiene, and many more.

Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
In 1950, it was started under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act and manage the civic infrastructure of Ahmedabad. The Gujarat government appoints the head of the Municipal Corporation who must be an IAS officer. The city is divided into 48 wards, seven zones, so they can easily take action regarding the development of any area.

Pune Municipal Corporation, Pune, Maharashtra
It serves about 3.4 million citizens of Pune, as it is a metropolitan and fast-developing city. This municipal corporation was started in 1950 under the power of PMC and governed by an IAS officer. Now, PMC has to look over the city for the development and necessities include hygiene, water supply, health, infrastructure, etc.

Surat Municipal Corporation, Surat, Gujarat
It serves around 61,76,000 people of Gujarat. The Mayor of this corporation is Hemali Boghawalal and the deputy mayor is Dinesh Jodhani. It has a total of 120 seats of which 93 are of BJP, and the rest 27 are of AAP. They are working for the people and providing them fresh and clean water, homes, free education, good jobs, social security schemes, and many more.

Jaipur Municipal Corporation, Jaipur, Rajasthan
It is serving the people of the Jaipur city of Rajasthan. There are 250 seats in the corporation, and they all are of BJP INC. the mayor is Jaipur is Saumya Gurjar, and the mayor of Jaipur is Munesh Gurjar. They divided the city into 5 zones and zones into 100 wards. They are serving the Jaipur citizen by providing them necessities and focus on the development of the city.

Greater Vishakhapatnam Municipal Corporation, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
It governs Vishakhapatnam as it is the largest city of Andhra Pradesh. The Mayor of Visakhapatnam is Golagani Hari Venkata Kumari, the deputy mayor is Jiyyani Sridhar, K.Satheesh, and Municipal Commissioner is G. Srijana, IAS. It has about 98 seats of which 58 are of YSRCP, 4 are of IND, 30 of TDP, 3 of JSP, 1 of BJP, 2 of CPI.

Nagpur Municipal Corporation, Nagpur, Maharashtra
It serves the citizens of Nagpur as it is one of the major cities of Maharashtra. The mayor of Nagpur Municipal Corporation is Shri. Dayashankar Chandrashekar Tiwari, Municipal Commissioner is Radhakrishnan B and deputy mayor is Mrs. Manisha Dhawde. There are a total of 151 seats in it, from then 108 seats are of BJP, 2 of Shiv Sena, 10 of BSP, 29 of INC, Independent of 1 and 1 of NCP.

Vadodara Municipal Corporation, Vadodara, Gujarat
It was established in 1949 and serves the people of Vadodara. The mayor of Vadodara Municipal Corporation is Keyur Rokadiya, Municipal Commissioner Deputy Mayor is Smt. Nandan Shrikantbhai Joshi and chairperson of the standing committee is Dr. Hitendrabhai, Prabhudas Patel. It has a total of 76 seats, of which 76 are of BJP and 7 are of INC. they are serving about 16 lakh people of Vadodara who are in 160 square kilometers. It is the first municipal corporation that has the lowest cycle cost of the project.



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