The leader of India’s executive branch is the Prime Minister of India (IAST: Bharat Ke Pradhan Mantri). However, they must be members of the political party or coalition that holds a majority within the Lok Sabha. He also serves as the chairperson and presidency of the cabinet. To assist the president in running the affairs of the executive, the Union Cabinet is headed by the prime minister.
How is prime minister elected?
The Prime Minister names the members of his team that he recommends being a Minister.
The Prime Minister can decide which department will go to which Minister, and he may also change the department allotted to any Minister.
He also presides over the Council of Ministers meetings and can make any changes he wishes.
If there are differences of opinion, the president can ask any minister to resign.
Power and authority of prime minister
- He also oversees and directs all Ministers.
- Retirement age and the term of office
- The Government accepted the Fifth Central Pay Commission’s recommendations and has decided to increase the retirement age of Central Government employees to 60.
Salary of prime minister
The Constitution of India gives the power to determine the PM’s remuneration to the parliament. Apart from a monthly salary, the Indian Prime minister is also entitled to a residence and a Boeing 777 300ERs aircraft with IAF Pilots, special security, and many other benefits.
Facilities availed by prime minister
He is responsible for determining the country’s international policy.
He is the leader and chief of the ruling party within the parliament.
He is the head of the political branch for all the forces.
Roles & responsibilities of prime minister
- To inform the President of India about all the work done by Cabinet Ministers.
- To notify the president about any emergency or matter of critical importance.
Prime Ministers of India
|S.No.||Name||Took office||Left office||Party|
|1||Shri. Narendra Modi||30-May-19||Incumbent||BJP|
|2||Shri. Narendra Modi||26-May-14||24-May-19||BJP|
|3||Dr. Manmohan Singh||22-May-04||26-May-14||INC|
|4||Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee||19-Mar-98||22-May-04||BJP|
|5||Shri Inder Kumar Gujral||21-Apr-97||19-Mar-98||Janata Dal|
|6||Shri H. D. Deve Gowda||1-Jun-96||21-Apr-97||Janata Dal|
|7||Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee||16-May-96||1-Jun-96||BJP|
|8||Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao||21-Jun-91||16-May-96||Congress (I)|
|9||Shri Chandra Shekhar||10-Nov-90||21-Jun-91||Janata Dal (S)|
|10||Shri Vishwanath Pratap Singh||2-Dec-89||10-Nov-90||Janata Dal|
|11||Shri Rajiv Gandhi||31-Oct-84||2-Dec-89||Congress (I)|
|12||Smt. Indira Gandhi||14-Jan-80||31-Oct-84||Congress (I)|
|13||Shri Charan Singh||28-Jul-79||14-Jan-80||Janata Party|
|14||Shri Morarji Desai||24-Mar-77||28-Jul-79||Janata Party|
|15||Smt. Indira Gandhi||24-Jan-66||24-Mar-77||Congress|
|16||Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda||11-Jan-66||24-Jan-66||Congress|
|17||Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri||9-Jun-64||11-Jan-66||Congress|
|18||Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda||27-May-64||9-Jun-64||Congress|
|19||Shri Jawaharlal Nehru||15-Aug-47||27-May-64||Congress|
Not all countries have the same government as few countries work under the presidential systems while some under a parliamentary system. The Prime minister plays a very important role in our government as he manages the cabinet, is head of the government, and serves under democratic government forms. The Prime minister works as a chief advisor to the president of the Indian government, it does not matter whether they are of Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha.
He worked as an Indian independence activist first, later he becomes the first prime minister of India. Jawaharlal Nehru (14th November 1889 – 27th May 1964) was a central figure of Indian politics at that time. He likes children and loves to spend time with them, children knew him, Chacha Nehru.
Gulzarilal Nanda (4th July 1898 – 15th January 1998) was an economist and specialized in labor issues. He was appointed for acting prime minister of India after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964. He was one of the major Indian politicians, awarded by Bharat Ratna in 1997.
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri (2nd October 1904 – 11 January 1966) served India as a second prime minister. He is the promoter of the white revolution, it is a national campaign to focus on the supply of milk. He supports the Amul milk cooperative of Anand, Gujarat, and also establish the National Dairy Development Board. Later in 1965 he also promoted the green revolution in India, it is started to increase the production of food grain in Punjab, Haryana, and UP.
Gulzarilal Nanda (4th July 1898 – 15th January 1998) was appointed the acting prime minister after the death of Lal Bahadur Shashtri in 1966.
Indira Gandhi (19th November 1917 – 31st October 1984) is a central figure of the National Congress at that time. She was the first woman who was elected and become the first female prime minister of India. She is the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, she is the second largest serving Indian prime minister after her father.
Morarji Desai (29th February 1896 – 10th April 1995) served India as the 4th prime minister from 1977 to 1979. He leads the government formed by the Janata party as he was an Indian independence activist. He also served the government as the CM of Bombay state, Finance minister, Home minister, 2nd deputy prime minister.
Charan Singh (23rd December 1902 – 29th May 1987) served the country as the 5th prime minister from 28th July 1979 to 14th January 1980. He is also known as the ‘champion of Indian peasants’. He entered politics by becoming a part of the independence movement and was motivated by Mohandas Gandhi.
She was again appointed a prime minister from October 1980 till 1984. In 1959 she was appointed as the president of the Indian national congress and after the death of her father, she was appointed to the Rajya Sabha also.
Rajiv Gandhi (20th August 1944 – 21st May 1991) served the country as the sixth prime minister from 1984 to 1989. He is the son of Indira Gandhi, who took office after the assassination of his mother. He was the first youngest(40 years old) prime minister of our country.
Vishwanath Pratap Singh
Vishwanath Pratap Singh (25th June 1931 – 27th November 2008) served the country as the 7th prime minister from 1989 to 1990. He was the first former zamindar who served the country as the prime minister of India. After graduation, he started his political career by becoming a member of parliament in Lok sabha.
Chandra Shekhar (1st July 1927 – 8th July 2007) served the country as the 8th prime minister from 10th November 1990 to 21st June 1991. The interesting thing is that he is the first prime minister who never works in any government office. His government was not doing well and was named the puppet or lame duck.
P.V. Narasimha Rao
P.V. Narasimha Rao (28th June 1921 – 23rd December 2004) served the country as the 9th prime minister from 1991 to 1996. He was a professional lawyer and a politician. He was known as “Father of Indian Economic Reforms”.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25th December 1924 – 16th Augutes 2018) served the country as the prime minister for 13 days from 1996. He founded BJP, was a member of RSS, and Hindu Nationalist Volunteer.
H.D. Deve Gowda
H.D. Deve Gowda (18th May 1933) served the country as the former prime minister from 1st June 1996 to 21st April 1997. He was the 14th chief minister of Karnataka from 1994 to 1996. Presently he is a member of parliament and re[resent Karnataka in Rajya sabha.
Inder Kumar Gujral
Inder Kumar Gujral (4th December 1919 – 30th November 2012) served the country as the 12th prime minister from April 1997 to March 1998. In 1964, he started his career in politics by joining the Indian National Congress.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
He again served India as the Prime minister after elections from 1999 to 2004. He was elected as a member of Lok sabha ten times, Rajya sabha twice, and was a member of parliament for five decades. He is representing Lucknow in the parliament but retired from active politics in 2009 because of health concerns.
Manmohan Singh (26th September 1932) served the country as the 13th prime minister from 2004 to 2014. He is a brilliant economist, academic, and politician. He is a member of the Indian national congress; was elected as the first Sikh prime minister. He held numerous key posts in the Indian government, like chief economic advisor, governor of the reserve bank, and head of planning commission.
Narendra Modi (17th September 1950) serving as 14th prime minister of the country from 2014. He also served as CM of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, represent Varanasi in parliament as a member of parliament. He is a member of BJP, NDA, RSS, and of Hindu nationalist volunteer organization also.